The Amur Leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is only found in the Russian Far East and North East China and is classified as Critically Endangered since 1996 by IUCN.
Only 14–20 adults and 5–6 cubs were counted in a census in 2007, with a total of 19 to 26 Amur leopards extant.
This makes the Amur leopard one of the world’s most endangered big cats!
The Amur leopard is also known as the Far Eastern leopard, Korean leopard, and Manchurian leopard
Amur leopards are threatened by poaching, encroaching civilization, new roads, exploitation of forests and climate change.
Tigers can eliminate leopards if densities of large and medium-sized prey species are low. Competition between both predators supposedly decreases in summer, when small prey species are more available. In winter conditions are less favorable for tigers, and the extent of trophic niche overlap with that of Amur leopards probably reaches its peak.
As of December 2011, there were 176 captive Amur leopards in zoos worldwide. Within the EEP 54 male, 40 female and 7 unsexed individuals are kept. In American and Canadian zoos another 31 males and 41 females are kept within the Population Management Program.
In China, there is another Amur leopard captive population in Beijing Zoo, the founders of which were from North Korea.